Gingivitis receding gums is an inflammation of the gingiva. It is the early stage of periodontal disease and therefore easier to be treated, but if left untreated, can progress and cause more serious complications.
- Gingivitis is the initial phase of periodontal disease consisting of an inflammation and infection that causes changes in the tissues which support the teeth and gums, ligaments and alveolar bone – the bone surrounding the tooth roots.
- Gingivitis is sometimes the result of long-term effects of plaque build-up – although the disease can be noticed well before.
- Poor hygiene usually causes gingivitis.
- Plaque is a sticky material, made of bacteria and food wastes, which develop the exposed portion of teeth. It is another leading cause of tooth decay. If plaque is not removed, it turns into tartar that becomes trapped in the tooth. The bacteria and the toxins produced by plaque and the tartar irritate the gums and leave swollen and tender.
Some other reasons for gum damage
Damage to the gums can result from numerous causes. Even excessive brushing or vigorous cleaning with dental floss can cause gingivitis. Also, hormonal changes may also increase the risk of developing this inflammation, as they leave the most sensitive gums. Gingivitis usually appears in teenagers very early puberty, young people in early adulthood and in pregnant women.
Misaligned teeth, rough shutter tips or poorly fitted or poorly cleaned appliances and dentures can irritate the gums and increase the risk of inflammation.
Gingivitis is common and anyone can have, but some of the risk factors contribute to the development of inflammation.
- Poor oral hygiene
- Advanced age
- Low immunity
- Use of specific drugs
- Viral and fungal infections
- Dry mouth
- Hormonal changes related to pregnancy, menstrual cycle, puberty and birth control pills
- Nutritional deficiencies
- Excessive use of certain substances
- Mouthparts poorly fitted or poorly cleaned.
Symptoms of Gingivitis
The inflamed gingiva usually has a more reddish color than normal or even purplish. It is swollen, sensitive and bleeds easily during brushing and flossing.
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In gingivitis, the gums sometimes do not hurt, then a person who may have this problem but not even know it. Some other symptoms of this inflammation:
- Teeth look longer because gums have receded
- Gums separate or move away from the teeth, creating a pocket
- The way the teeth fit the bite changes
- Pus around the teeth and gingival pocket
- Constant bad breath and bad taste in the mouth.
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